Welcome to the Career Centre!> CV Centre

Don't ignore a gap in your resume. Explain it says our CV expert.

Samantha Pearce is the owner of Words Worth Reading an online editorial service for Job Seekers, Students, Writers and Businesses. Words Worth Reading offer individually-tailored, comprehensive resume and application form writing and editing services.   Samantha explains how to tackle that common resume dilemma - explaining a gap.

There are lots of reasons as to why an individual may have gaps in the Career History section of their resume. Gaps can occur to allow for travel, further education, volunteering, caring for a child, parent or relative, or following redundancy. Explaining this type of gap on your resume can however be tricky. In fact even resume advisors aren’t too sure as to how this type of gap should be addressed! There are lots of commercially available resume writing guides, books and factsheets out there, but the advice they give regarding ‘addressing gaps’ is conflicting…, and in some instances missing entirely!

So, what is the best way to address a gap in your career history?

Be Truthful

Ultimately honesty is the only way forward when it comes to compiling your resume.  You wouldn’t be very happy if your future employer had lied about the salary and development opportunities attached to the job you’ve just accepted, and in the same way an employer will be less than impressed if they uncover a lie or ‘cover up’ on your resume that’s exposed later down the line. So deliberately concealing or lying about gaps in your career history is a definitely “no no”. And if a potential employer doesn’t notice an unexplained gap when reading your resume, the chances are they will notice it at interview.

Provide an explanation

Research demonstrates that if a recruiter notices a gap in the career history section of a resume but that gap isn’t explained, they are likely to deduce that the applicant is less honest than the average person. However, if the gap is noticed and is explained, the recruiter is likely to deduce that the applicant is more honest than the average person. Result = do not leave a gap in your career history unexplained; and ensure the explanation reflects on you in as positive a way as possible.

Fill in the gap

During your career gap you will have been doing something! It may be that you were recovering from an illness, or caring for another individual. You may have been studying or travelling, or even actively seeking employment. Alternatively you may have been serving a prison sentence or spending time in rehabilitative care – there are endless possibilities. In many ways this is irrelevant.

Whilst you must provide an explanation for your career gap, your focus needs to be on the skills that you developed or gained during this break in employment. Skills, abilities and experiences gained outside of the workplace (especially those that clearly relate to the job or industry in which you’re seeking employment) are just as valuable as those gained within the workplace. Describe newly formed skills and list achievements gained during this time in exactly the same way as you would if you were discussing a previous role.

Think about the layout

A single gap in your career history can usually be easily addressed to the satisfaction of recruiters by following the advice above. However if you have several gaps in your career history (and particularly if the gaps aren’t particularly positive), you may want to consider using a functional resume format.

A functional resume emphasizes skills and achievements. The majority of the resume is used to provide examples that support a specific skill set, with academic qualifications and actual employment history acutely summarized. By structuring your resume in this way, gaps in career history are less obvious to the reader.

An example layout would be;


  • Personal Details – listed
  • Qualifications – listed with place undertaken stated
  • Skills, Knowledge and Abilities – up to 5 key skills listed, each supported by a strong paragraph that provides examples of how this skill has been demonstrated in the past
  • Employment History – dates, company and job title listed
  • Interests – listed
  • References – available on request

    And finally, be prepared to discuss any gaps in your career history at interview. A recruiter is likely to ask you about your time spent outside of the workplace, and you need to be prepared to respond in a positive way.

    View your career gap as positively as possible, recognise the skills and experiences you’ve gained whilst being out of employment, and be ready to talk about these skills and experiences in an open and honest way.


    Samantha Pearce runs Words Worth Reading – an editorial service for Job Seekers, Students, Writers and Businesses.

    Words Worth Reading offer individually-tailored, comprehensive resume and application form writing and editing services at fantastic prices, with quick turnaround times.

    For more information go to www.wordsworthreading.co.uk

    Contact the team direct on sam@wordsworthreading.co.uk

    Call them on 00 44 1277 824 640

    Samantha is CaribbeanJobs.com's resume expert. 


Samantha Pearce